Lavoisier S.A.S.
14 rue de Provigny
94236 Cachan cedex
FRANCE

Heures d'ouverture 08h30-12h30/13h30-17h30
Tél.: +33 (0)1 47 40 67 00
Fax: +33 (0)1 47 40 67 02


Url canonique : www.lavoisier.fr/livre/sciences-du-risque/hazards-analysis-2nd-ed/pine/descriptif_2997682
Url courte ou permalien : www.lavoisier.fr/livre/notice.asp?ouvrage=2997682

Hazards Analysis (2nd Ed.) Reducing the Impact of Disasters

Langue : Anglais

Auteur :

Couverture de l’ouvrage Hazards Analysis

The impacts of natural and man-made disasters have increased exponentially over the past few decades. Moreover, with our global interconnectedness and the growing scale of disasters, today's catastrophic disasters can have regional, national, and even global economic consequences. Following in the tradition of the successful first edition, Hazards Analysis: Reducing the Impact of Disasters, Second Edition provides a structure and process for understanding the nature of natural and human-caused disasters. Stressing the role of hazard risk management for public, private, and nonprofit organizations, the author and expert contributors cover problem solving, risk analysis, and risk communications to ensure readers are in a position to identify key problems associated with hazards and the risks that they present. The book details a systematic process of hazards identification, vulnerability determination, and consequence assessment for the natural, built, and human environment. Using a cross-disciplinary approach, this book effectively demonstrates how to use the results of vulnerability assessment, spatial analysis, and community planning to reduce adverse disaster outcomes and foster social, economic, and environmental sustainability. Throughout, the book stresses that hazards analysis is not an isolated process but one that must engage the local community. Complete with clearly set objectives, key terms, discussion questions, satellite images and maps, and ancillary websites for further study, this authoritative guide covers every element of the hazard analysis process in a step-by-step format. Hazards Analysis presents time-proven strategies for building sustainable communities, identifying and prioritizing risks, and establishing successful disaster prevention and relief strategies prior to a disaster.

Introduction to Hazards Analysis; John C. Pine
Objectives
Key Terms
Issue
Introduction
Terminology of Hazards
Views of Extreme Natural Events as Primary Causes of Disasters
A Changing Hazards Paradigm
Hazards Analysis
Hazard Identification
Vulnerability Analysis
Risk Analysis
Linking Hazards Analysis to Risk and Comprehensive Emergency Management
     Communicating Risk from a Hazards Analysis
     Community Involvement
     Values in Community Engagement
Conclusions
Discussion Questions
Applications
Websites
References

Hazards Identification; John C. Pine
Objectives
Key Terms
Issue
Introduction
Hazards Identification Process
Organizing a Hazards Identification Team
Creating a Community Profile
     Community Assets
     Environmental or Natural Assets and Risks
Sources of Hazards Data
     Social Assets
     Economic and Constructed Assets
          Infrastructure
          Critical Facilities
          Economic Activities
Mapping Community Assets and Hazards
Interdependence of Communities
Identifying Community Problems
Problem-Solving Process
Problem Solving in a Nonstructured Environment
Decision Traps
Perception of Risks by Citizens
Conclusions
Discussion Questions
Applications
Websites
     Population Data
     Health Data
     Environmental Data
     Transportation
     Energy
     Business Statistics
Mapping Resources
References

Modeling Natural- and Human-Caused Hazards; John C. Pine
Objectives
Key Terms
Issue
Role of Hazard Modeling in Hazards Analysis
An Example of a Hazard Model
Nature and Types of Models
     Dynamic Models
     Deterministic
     Probabilistic
Models Used in Hazards Analysis
     HAZUS-MH Model
Evacuation Transportation Modeling
Modeling Community Resilience
Communicating Risks from Models
Assessing Hazard Models
     Validity
     Quality
     Availability of Model Documentation
     Data Accuracy, Resolution, and Availability
Coupling Models with GIS
Static versus Adaptable Outputs
Uses of Model Outputs
     Timeliness
     Completeness
Advantages and Disadvantages of Hazard Models
Model Limitations
Hazard Profiles
Sources of Hazard Information for the Hazard Profile
     Description of Hazard
     Magnitude
     Frequency of Occurrence
     Seasonal Pattern
     Duration
     Speed of Onset
     Availability of Warnings
     Location and Spatial Extent
Conclusions
Discussion Questions
Applications
     National Flood Insurance Program
     Hazard Profile Sample for a Tornado
Websites
Avalanches
Dam Safety
Drought
Earthquakes
Flooding
Landslides
Snow
Tornadoes
Tsunamis
Wildfires
References

Spatial Analysis
; John C. Pine
Objectives
Key Terms
Issue
Introduction
Definition of Spatial Analysis
Geospatial Data Set
Spatial Data Quality
Types of Spatial Analysis
     Queries
Using Spatial Analysis to Answer Questions
     Transformations
     Buffering
     Descriptive Summaries
     Optimization Techniques
     Hypothesis Testing
Spatial Data Visualization
Choropleth Maps
Conclusions
Discussion Questions
Applications
Websites
References

Risk Analysis: Assessing the Risks of Hazards
; Kevin L. Shirley and John C. Pine
Objectives
Key Terms
Introduction
Process of Risk Analysis
What Is Risk?
     Quantitative Analysis of Risk
          Quantitative Analysis of Likelihood
          Quantitative Analysis of Consequence
     Qualitative Analysis of Risk
          Qualitative Analysis of Likelihood
          Qualitative Analysis of Consequence
Views of Risk
Using Historical Data in Determining Risk
Need for Complete Accurate Data for Decision Making
Using Technical Data in Decision Making
Indicators of Direct and Indirect Losses
Issues in Risk Analysis
     Changes in Disaster Frequency
     Availability of Essential Data
     Depth of Analysis
Ranking of Risks
     Quantitative Data
     Likelihood–Consequence Matrix
     Risk Strategies
     Mandatory Risk Level
     Extremely Low Likelihood of Risk
     Accept the Risk
     Determining Risk Acceptability
          Personal
          Political/Social
          Economic
Hazard Models
     Uncertainty
     Logic Tree
     Monte Carlo Method or Simulation
     Uncertainty Expressed in Interval Estimates
Summary
Discussion Questions
Applications
Websites
References

Social, Economic, and Ecological Vulnerability
; John C. Pine
Objectives
Key Terms
Introduction
Approaches to Vulnerability
Dimensions of Vulnerability
     Social and Human Vulnerability
     Economic Vulnerability
     Environmental Vulnerability
Measuring Vulnerability
     Indicators of Social Conditions
     Indicators of Economic Conditions
     Indicators of Environmental Conditions
Methodological Issues
     Scale of Analysis
     Weighting, Data Availability, and Accuracy
     Type and Scope of Measures
     Interdependence of Social, Economic, and Ecological Capital
Discussion Questions
Applications
Websites
References

Risk Communication
; John C. Pine and Stephen L. Guillot, Jr.
Objectives
Key Terms
Issue
Introduction
Risk Communication
Risk Communication Process
Barriers in Risk Communication
Risk Communication Tools
     Communicating Risks with Maps
     Use of Figures
Social Media
Targeting Specific Audiences
Risk Communication Myths
Managing Risks
Decision Making
Community Engagement
Stakeholders Involvement
Ethics and Decision Making
Legal Issues in Decision Making
Indemnification
Acknowledging Risk as a Part of Risk Communication
Learning as a Part of Risk Communication
Discussion Questions
Applications
Websites
References

Hazards Risk Management Process
; Greg Shaw
Objectives
Key Terms
Issue
Introduction
Terminology
Risk Management
Hazards Risk Management Framing Questions
Framework for Hazards Risk Management
Components of the Hazards Risk Management Process
     Communicate and Consult
     Monitor and Review
          Step 1: Establish the context
          Step 2: Identify the hazards
          Step 3: Assess the hazard risk
          Step 4: Sort the hazards by risk magnitude
          Step 5: Analyze the risks from each hazard
          Step 6: Group and prioritize the hazard risks and consider risk management interventions
Application of the Hazards Risk Management Process
     Overview
          Step 1: Establish the context
          Step 2: Identify the hazards
          Step 3: Assess the hazards risk
          Step 4: Sort the hazards by risk magnitude
          Step 5: Analyze the risks from each hazard
          Step 6: Group and prioritize the hazard risks and consider risk management interventions
Hazards Risk Management and Comprehensive Emergency Management
Discussion Questions
Applications
Websites
References

Planning for Sustainable and Disaster-Resilient Communities;
Gavin Smith
Objectives
Key Terms
Introduction
Sustainability, Disaster Resilience Climate Change Adaptation, and Hazard Mitigation Planning
Hazard Mitigation Planning Policy Framework
Hazard Mitigation Plan
Power of Plan Making: Tools and Process
     Planning Process: Building Stakeholder Capacity to Confront Hazards
Discussion Questions
Applications
     You Be the Planner
Websites
References

Creating Disaster-Resilient Communities: A New Natural Hazards Risk Management Framework;
Gavin Smith
Objectives
Key Terms
Introduction
Hazard Mitigation Policies
Emergent National Climate Change Adaptation Policy
New Natural Hazards Risk Management Policy Framework
     Expand Natural Hazards Analysis to Include Sustainable Development and Disaster-Resilient Themes
     Use Risk Assessment Findings to Guide Land Use and Scenario-Based Planning That Assesses Current and Future Vulnerability
     Assess Hazard Risk Management Policies, Programs, Plans, and Projects as Part of a Larger Effort to Build Local Capacity and Self-Reliance through a Risk Governance Strategy
     Balance Incentives and Penalties Affecting Human Settlement
Pattern Adjustments: A Critical Look at Existing Hazard Mitigation Programs
     Assess Losses Avoided and Build Disaster-Resilient Communities in the Age of Climate Change
Recommendations for Action
     Draw Lessons from a National Assessment of Local Hazard Mitigation Plans
     Place a Greater Emphasis on Land-Use Decisions and Human Settlement Patterns
     Establish a Robust Training and Capacity-Building Approach
     Enact Sanctions for Low-Performing States and Communities that Underperform and Provide Benefits to Communities and States that Develop Enhanced Hazard Mitigation Plans
     Engage Professional Land-Use Planners in the Implementation of the Proposed Natural Hazards Management Framework
     Facilitate the Use of Planners as Agents of Social Change and Policy Learning
     Include Hazards Analysis in Planning for Climate Change
Summary and Conclusions
Discussion Questions
Applications
     You Be the Policy Analyst
     You Be the Planner
References

Index

Local, state, federal, and international emergency/disaster management professionals; disaster researchers looking at hazard impact and impact analysis studies; NGOs; students and professionals in homeland security, emergency/disaster management, public administration, environmental management, urban and rural geography, modeling and mapping hazards, and coastal and land use management.

Date de parution :

15.6x23.5 cm

Disponible chez l'éditeur (délai d'approvisionnement : 13 jours).

Prix indicatif 70,91 €

Ajouter au panier

Ces ouvrages sont susceptibles de vous intéresser

En continuant à naviguer, vous autorisez Lavoisier à déposer des cookies à des fins de mesure d'audience. Pour en savoir plus et paramétrer les cookies, rendez-vous sur la page Confidentialité & Sécurité.
FERMER