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Geothermal Energy (2nd Ed.) Renewable Energy and the Environment Energy and the Environment Series

Langue : Anglais

Auteur :

Couverture de l’ouvrage Geothermal Energy

Addressing significant changes in the energy markets since the first edition, Geothermal Energy: Renewable Energy and the Environment, Second Edition expounds on the geothermal industry, exploring the expansion, growth, and development of geothermal systems. This text covers every area of geothermal energy, including environmental and economic issues, and technological advancements. Factoring in new concepts for distributed generation, hybrid technologies, and the development of Enhanced Geothermal Systems (EGS), the book incorporates real-world examples designed to illustrate the key aspects of chapter topics. It provides case studies in nearly every chapter, and includes examples from the U.S., Iceland, France, and Japan.

  • Contains comprehensive, quantitative, and rigorous treatment of the geology, geochemistry, and geophysics of geothermal resources, and how they impact exploration, resource assessment, and operations
  • Provides a state-of-the-art description of current Enhanced Geothermal Systems (EGS)
  • Presents an objective description of the most recent economic comparisons including all energy resources
  • Covers environmental issues of energy use and quantitative descriptions of the relative impacts of all renewable and non-renewable energy resources
  • Describes geothermal resources from a global perspective, including direct use and geothermal heat pump applications, as well as power production

Geothermal Energy: Renewable Energy and the Environment, Second Edition can be used for undergraduate coursework; as a reference for designers, planners, engineers, and architects; and as a source of background material for policymakers, investors, and regulators.

Introduction

Global Energy Landscape

Geothermal Energy as a Renewable Energy Source

Electrical Demand and the Characteristics of Geothermal Energy

How This Book Is Organized

Synopsis

Problems

References

Further Information Sources

Sources of Geothermal Heat: The Earth as a Heat Engine

Origin of the Earth’s Heat

Transfer of Heat in the Earth

Plate Tectonics and the Distribution of Geothermal Resources

Classification of Geothermal Systems by Their Geological Context

Availability and Utilization of Geothermal Energy

Synopsis

Case Studies

Problems

References

Further Information

Thermodynamics and Geothermal Systems

First Law of Thermodynamics: Equivalence of Heat and Work and the

Conservation of Energy

Second Law of Thermodynamics: Inevitable Increase of Entropy

Gibbs Function and Gibbs Energy (ΔG)

Thermodynamic Efficiency

Synopsis

Case Study: Thermodynamic Properties of Water and Rock–Water Interaction

Problems

References

Additional Sources

Subsurface Fluid Flow: Hydrology of Geothermal Systems

General Model for Subsurface Fluid Flow

Matrix Porosity and Permeability

Fracture Porosity and Permeability

Effect of Depth on Porosity and Permeability

Hydrologic Properties of Real Geothermal Systems

Synopsis

Case Study: Long Valley Caldera

Problems

References

Further Information Sources

Chemistry of Geothermal Fluids

Why the Geochemistry of Geothermal Fluids Matters

Water as a Chemical Agent

Components and Chemical Systems

Saturation and the Law of Mass Action

Kinetics of Geothermal Reactions

Gases in Geothermal Fluids

Fluid Flow and Mixing in Natural Systems

Simulating Reactive Transport

Synopsis

Case Study: Silica System

Problems

References

Exploring for Geothermal Systems: Geology and Geochemistry

Classifying Geothermal Environments

Classification of Geothermal Systems from a Regional Perspective

Origin of Geothermal Fluids: Significance for Resource Exploration and Assessment

Surface Manifestations

Fluid Geochemistry as an Exploration Tool

Fluid Inclusions

Alteration and Exploration

Synopsis

Problems

References

Additional Information Sources

Exploring for Geothermal Systems: Geophysical Methods

Geophysics as an Exploration Tool: Aeromagnetic Surveys

Resistivity and Magnetotelluric Surveys

Gravity Surveys

Seismicity and Reflection Seismology

Temperature Measurements

Remote Sensing as an Exploration Tool: Promising New Technique

Synopsis

Case Study: Fallon, Nevada

Problems

References

Additional Information Sources

Resource Assessments

Assessing a Geothermal Resource

Resource Base and Reserves

Determining the Reservoir Volume

Establishing the Reservoir Heat Content

Significance of Heat Capacity

Efficiency of Heat Extraction

Synopsis

Case Study: Establishing the US Geothermal Resource

Problems

References

Further Information Sources

Drilling

Background

Drilling for Geothermal Heat Pump and Direct-Use Applications

Drilling for Geothermal Fluids for Power Generation

Case Study: Kakkonda, Japan

Problems

References

Further Information Sources

Generating Power Using Geothermal Resources

History of Geothermal Power Production

Flexibility and Consistency

General Features of Geothermal Power Generation Facilities

Dry Steam Resources

Hydrothermal Systems

Binary Generation Facilities: Organic Rankine Cycle

Synopsis

Case Study: The Geysers

Problems

References

Further Information

Low-Temperature Geothermal Resources: Geothermal Heat Pumps

Basic Heat Pump Principles

Thermodynamics of Heat Pumps

Coefficient of Performance and Energy Efficiency Ratio

Near-Surface Thermal Reservoir

Thermal Conductivity and Heat Capacity of Soils

Design Considerations for Closed-Loop Systems

Local Variability: Why Measurements Matter

Synopsis

Case Study: Weaverville and a US Cost–Benefit Analysis of GHP Installation

Problems

References

Further Information

Direct Use of Geothermal Resources

Assessing the Magnitude of the Direct-Use Reservoir

Nature of Thermal Energy Transfer

Establishing the Feasibility of a Direct-Use Application

District Heating

Aquaculture

Drying

Synopsis

Case Study: Canby Cascaded System

Problems

References

Further Information

Enhanced Geothermal Systems

Concept of EGS

Magnitude of EGS

Characteristics of EGS

History of Enhanced Geothermal System Development

Reservoir Engineering

Reservoir Management for Sustainability

Synopsis

Case Study: Newberry Volcano Enhanced Geothermal System

Demonstration Project

Problems

References

Additional Information Sources

Use of Geothermal Resources: Economic Considerations

Economics of Geothermal Power

Economics of R&D Investment in Geothermal Energy

Developing a Geothermal Project

Alternative Economic Models

Synopsis

Problems

References

Further Information

Use of Geothermal Resources: Environmental Considerations

Emissions

Solute Load and Resource Recovery

Seismicity

Ground Subsidence

Water Use

Land Use

Synopsis

Problems

References

Further Information

Geothermal Energy Future: Possibilities and Issues

History of Geothermal Emergence in the Market Place

Geopressured Resources

Supercritical Geothermal Fluids

Thermoelectric Generation

Flexible Generation

Hybrid Geothermal Systems

Synopsis

Problems

References

Further Information

Index

This text appeals to practicing professionals in the geothermal energy industry; as well as senior undergraduate and graduate students in geothermal engineering courses.

Date de parution :

Ouvrage de 423 p.

17.8x25.4 cm

Disponible chez l'éditeur (délai d'approvisionnement : 13 jours).

Prix indicatif 133,47 €

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