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Social ethics: morality and social policy

Langue : Anglais

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Couverture de l’ouvrage Social ethics: morality and social policy
Perfect for introductory ethics courses, this popular anthology encourages a critical examination of contemporary moral problems by presenting differing viewpoints on issues like the death penalty, euthanasia, hate speech and censorship, world hunger and global justice, and the environment. The readings, of which over 40% are new to this Sixth Edition, include relevant legal opinions, as well as selections from the work of some of the most respected contemporary writers and thinkers.
- Indicates a new reading 1 Abortion Introduction Pope John Paul II, The Unspeakable Crime of Abortion- Mary Anne Warren, On the Moral and Legal Status of Abortion Don Marquis, Why Abortion is Immoral Judith Jarvis Thomson, A Defense of Abortion- Justice Harry A. Blackmun, Majority Opinion in Roe v. Wade Justices Sandra Day O'Connor, Anthony M. Kennedy, and David H. Souter, Opinion in Planned Parenthood of Southeastern Pennsylvania v. Casey, Governor of Pennsylvania Susan Sherwin, Abortion: A Feminist Perspective Suggested Additional Readings for Chapter 1 2 Euthanasia and Physician-Assisted Suicide Introduction James Rachels, Active and Passive Euthanasia Daniel Callahan, Killing and Allowing to Die Dan W. Brock, Voluntary Active Euthanasia Stephen G. Potts, Objections to the Institutionalization of Euthanasia David T. Watts and Timothy Howell, Assisted Suicide Is Not Voluntary Active Euthanasia Chief Justice William H. Rehnquist, Opinion of the Court in Washington v. Glucksberg- Justice Sandra Day O'Connor, Concurring Opinion in Washington v. Glucksberg and Vacco v. Quill- Franklin G. Miller and Diane E. Meir, Voluntary Death: A Comparison of Terminal Dehydration and Physician-Assisted Suicide- Suggested Additional Readings for Chapter 2 3 The Death Penalty Introduction Justices Potter Stewart, Lewis F. Powell, Jr., and John Paul Stevens. Opinion in Gregg v. Georgia Justice Thurgood Marshall, Dissenting Opinion in Gregg v. Georgia- Igor Primoratz, A Life for a Life Stephen Nathanson, An Eye for an Eye? Louis P. Pojman, Deterrence and the Death Penalty- Jeffrey Reiman, Common Sense, the Deterrent Effect of the Death Penalty, and the Best Bet Argument- Erik Eckholm, Studies Find Death Penalty Tied to Race of the Victims- Suggested Additional Readings for Chapter 3 4 Sexual Morality Introduction Vincent C. Punzo, Morality and Human Sexuality Thomas A. Mappes, Sexual Morality and the Concept of Using Another Person Robin West, The Harms of Consensual Sex John Corvino, Why Shouldn't Tommy and Jim Have Sex? A Defense of Homosexuality- Justice Byron R. White, Majority Opinion in Bowers v. Hardwick Justice Harry A. Blackmun, Dissenting Opinion in Bowers v. Hardwick- Suggested Additional Readings for Chapter 4 5 Pornography, Hate Speech, and Censorship Introduction John Stuart Mill, On Liberty The Attorney's General's Commission on Pornography, The Question of Harm Helen E. Longino, Pornography, Oppression, and Freedom: A Closer Look Mark R. Wicclair, Feminism, Pornography, and Censorship Justice John Paul Stevens, Majority Opinion in Reno v. American Civil Liberties Union- Illinois Supreme Court, Opinion in Village of Skokie v. National Socialist Party of America Charles R. Lawrence III, Racist Speech as the Functional Equivalent of Fighting Words Andrew Altman, Liberalism and Campus Hate Speech: A Philosophical Examination Suggested Additional Readings for Chapter 5 6 Drug Control and Addiction Introduction Justice Jacob J. Spiegel, Opinion in Commonwealth v. Joseph D. Leis- Thomas S. Szasz, The Ethics of Addiction- Robert E. Goodin, The Ethics of Smoking- Ethan A. Nadelman, The Case for Legalization- James Q. Wilson, Against the Legalization of Drugs- Daniel Shapiro, Addiction and Drug Policy- Suggested Additional Readings for Chapter 6 7 Social and Economic Justice Introduction John Hospers, What Libertarianism Is Kai Nielsen, A Moral Case for Socialism Iris M. Young, Five Faces of Oppression Howard McGary, The African-American Underclass and the Question of Values- Lawrence M. Mead, Paternalism and Welfare- Gwendolyn Mink, The End of Welfare- Michael B. Levy, Liberal Equality and Inherited Wealth- Jeremy Waldron, Homelessness and the Issue of Freedom- Suggested Additional Readings for Chapter 7 8 World Hunger and Poverty Introduction The Presidential Commission on World Hunger, Why Should the United States Be Concerned Peter Singer, Famine, Affluence, and Morality Garrett Hardin, Living on a Lifeboat Kai Nielsen, Some Facts About Famine- Amartya Sen, Property and Hunger- Jodi L. Jacobson, Closing the Gender Gap in Development- Suggested Additional Readings for Chapter 8 9 Animals Introduction Peter Singer, All Animals Are Equal Tom Regan, The Case for Animal Rights R.G. Frey, Moral Vegetarianism and the Argument from Pain and Suffering Carl Cohen, The Case for the Use of Animals in Biomedical Research Mary Anne Warren, Human and Animal Rights Compared Suggested Additional Readings for Chapter 9 10 The Environment Introduction William F. Baxter, People or Penguins: The Case for Optimal Pollution Jay Narveson, For Free Market Environmentalism- Tony Smith, Against Free Market Environmentalism- Peter S. Wenz, Just Garbage- Aldo Leopold, The Land Ethic- Bernard E. Rollin, Environmental Ethics Bill Devall and George Sessions, Deep Ecology Ramachandra Guha, Radical American Environmentalism and Wilderness Preservation: A Third World Critique Suggested Additional Readings for Chapter 10 About the Contributors

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