Stress Challenges and Immunity in Space (2nd Ed., 2nd ed. 2019) From Mechanisms to Monitoring and Preventive Strategies
Coordonnateur : Chouker Alexander
This book explains how the influence of stress of either psychological or physical nature can activate and/or paralyse humans? innate or adaptive immunity. However, adequate immunity is crucial to maintain health on Earth and in space. During space flight, human physiology and health is specifically challenged by complex environmental stressors which might be most pronounced during lunar or interplanetary missions. Using an interdisciplinary approach, the book identifies the impact of living conditions in space (?stressors?: confinement, gravitation, oxygen tension, radiation) on the adaptation of the immune system, knowledge that may help to prevent, diagnose and to countermeasure immune-related health alteration. Written by experts from academia, space agencies and industry, it is a valuable resource for professionals, researchers and students in the field of medicine, biology and technology.
Chapters "The Impact of Everyday Stressors on the Immune System and Health" and "Stress and Radiation-Immune-Responsiveness" are available open access under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License via link.springer.com.
Part I Prelude.- 1 Space Travel: A Personal View from Above.- 2 Prelude: An integrative and up-dated view from the Scientists of the Topical Team “Stress and Immunity”.- Part II “Stress and Immunity” – Research: A Link Between Space and Earth.- 3 What Is Stress?.- 4 The special relation of mitochondria, metabolism and stress.- 5 The Impact of Everyday Stressors on the Immune- System and Health.- Part III Stress and Immune Allostasis in Space, from Brain to Immune Responses.- 6 Neurobiological and Molecular Mechanisms of Stress and Glucocorticoid Effects on Learning and Memory: Implications for Stress Disorders on Earth and in Space.- 7 The Autonomic Nervous System.- 8 Circadian Rhythm and Stress.- 9 Endocannabinoids, “New-Old” Mediators of Stress Homeostasis.- 10 Immune System in Space: General Introduction and Observations on Stress-Sensitive Regulations.- 11 Innate Immunity Under Conditions of Space Flight.- 12 NK Cells Assessments: A Fourty-Year-Old History of Immune Stress Interaction in Space.- 13 Adaptive Immunity and Spaceflight.- 14 B-cell Immunology in Space.- 15 Stress, Hypoxia, and Immune Response.- 16 Gravitational Force: Triggered Stress in Cells of the Immune System.- 17 Microbial Stress: Spaceflight-induced Alterations in Microbial Virulence and Infectious Disease Risks for the Crew.- 18 Stress, Spaceflight, and Latent Herpes Virus Reactivation.- 19 Stress and Radiation-Immune-Responsiveness.- Part IV Preventive and Diagnostic Tool and Strategies.- 20 Considerations for Development and Application of Health Monitoring Tools in Space.- 21 Psychological Monitoring.- 22 Technology up-date for monitoring Autonomic Activity.- 23 Breath Gas Analysis.- 24 Monitoring the Microbial Burden in Manned Space Stations and Analogue environments.- 25 Monitoring of Body Core Temperature in Space.- 26 Flow Cytometry and cryopreservation Methods to Monitor Immune Dysregulation Associated with Spaceflight.- 27 Assessment of Radiosensitivity and Monitoringof Radiation-Induced Cellular Damage.- 28 Hair analyses – growing evidence.- Part V Therapeutic Strategies.- 29 Considerations for Preventive and Therapeutic Strategies.- 30 Psychological Countermeasures.- 31 Physical Countermeasures to Stress.- 32 Nutritional Countermeasures for Spaceflight-Related Stress.- 33 The Microbiome perspective: Immune – gut- axis modulation.- 34 Pharmacological Countermeasures to Spaceflight-Induced Alterations of the Immune System.- Part VI Perspectives for Manned Space Exploration – from Visions to Realities.- 35 Platforms for Stress and Immune Research in Preparation of Long-Duration Space Exploration Missions.- 36 MARS500 the first preparation of Long-Duration Space Exploration Missions - lessons learned for space exploration and health on Earth.- 37 On the ICE: Isolated, Confined and Extreme Environment.- 39 Moon, Mars and Beyond- the exploration roadmap and further visions.
Alexander Choukèr is Professor of Medicine at the Ludwig Maximilians University (LMU) in Munich, Germany and guest lecturer at King´s College, London, UK. He is clinical specialist in anesthesiology at the University Hospital where heads the “Stress and Immunity” research. He completed his medical and immunological training at the LMU and at the National Institutes of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID), Bethesda/USA, respectively. For almost two decades he has been actively involved in research on the International Space Station, in space analogue environments and been leading inter-disciplinary teams for translational and experimental research, including at the hospital. He is member of the European Space Sciences Committee (ESSC) and has been advisor and chairman of the European Space Agency´s (ESA) Life Sciences Working Group and the ESA Topical Team on Immunology.
Presents a comprehensive summary of Stress-Immune interaction in extreme environments of space and its analogues
Bridges fundamental and applied sciences and technology to understand and counteract unfavourable effects in space and on Earth (patients)
Provides enough “depth” for experts to look up interactions, in a style that can be read and understood by students
Date de parution : 09-2019
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