Waging Cyber War, 1st ed. Technical Challenges and Operational Constraints
Auteur : Oakley Jacob G.
Understand the challenges of implementing a cyber warfare strategy and conducting cyber warfare. This book addresses the knowledge gaps and misconceptions of what it takes to wage cyber warfare from the technical standpoint of those with their hands on the keyboard.
You will quickly appreciate the difficulty and complexity of executing warfare within the cyber domain. Included is a detailed illustration of cyber warfare against the backdrop of national and international policy, laws, and conventions relating to war.Waging Cyber War details technical resources and activities required by the cyber war fighter. Even non-technical readers will gain an understanding of how the obstacles encountered are not easily mitigated and the irreplaceable nature of many cyber resources.
You will walk away more informed on how war is conducted from a cyber perspective, and perhaps why it shouldn?t be waged. And you will come to know how cyber warfare has been covered unrealistically, technically misrepresented, and misunderstood by many.
What You?ll Learn
- Understand the concept of warfare and how cyber fits into the war-fighting domain
- Be aware of what constitutes and is involved in defining war and warfare as well as how cyber fits in that paradigm and vice versa
- Discover how the policies being put in place to plan and conduct cyber warfare reflect a lack of understanding regarding the technical means and resources necessary to perform such actions
- Know what it means to do cyber exploitation, attack, and intelligence gathering; when one is preferred over the other; and their specific values and impacts on each other
- Be familiar with the need for, and challenges of, enemy attribution
- Realize how to develop and scope a target in cyber warfare
- Grasp the concept of self-attribution: what it is, the need to avoid it, and its impact
- See what goes into establishing the access from which you will conduct cyber warfare against an identified target
- Appreciate how association affects cyber warfare
- Recognize the need for resource resilience, control, and ownership
- Walk through the misconceptions and an illustrative analogy of why cyber warfare doesn't always work as it is prescribed
Who This Book Is ForAnyone curious about warfare in the era of cyber everything, those involved in cyber operations and cyber warfare, and security practitioners and policy or decision makers. The book is also for anyone with a cell phone, smart fridge, or other computing device as you are a part of the attack surface.
Chapter 1: Cyber and Warfare
Provides a background on what constitutes and is involved in defining war and warfare as well as how cyber fits in that paradigm and vice versa.
· Construct of warfare
· Cyber-attacks and acts of war
· Declarations of war
· Just war theory
· Geneva convention and cyber warfare
· Currently bandied constructs for cyber warfare
Chapter 2: CNE vs CNA
Covers what it means to do CNE and CNA, when one is preferred over the other, their specific values and impacts on each other
· What is CNE
· What is CAN
· Impact and interdependencies
Chapter 3: Enemy Attribution
Discusses the need and challenges for enemy attribution
· Defining an enemy in warfare and cyber
· What does attribution mean and consist of
· Challenges to successful and reliable attribution
Chapter 4: Target Development
Reviews how developing and scoping a target in cyber warfare would work
· Importance of identifying the full target scope
· Understanding the volatility of target identification and reliance on accurate attribution
· Challenges in developing the actual target and how foundational that is to warfighting
Chapter 5: Self Attribution
Covers what self-attribution is, the need to avoid it and how to avoid it.
· Defining self-attribution, where is the bar for actually being attributed to an activity
· Why should you care about self-attribution
· Challenges in avoiding attribution.
Chapter 6: Access Development
Reviews what goes into establishing a beachhead from which to conduct cyber warfare against an identified target
· The need for appropriate level of access
· Different types of access
· The challenges of access development In general, and moving target problems
Chapter 7: Association
Discusses how association affects cyber warfare
· What is association and why it can’t be avoided
· Types of association
· Alliance and Treaty considerations
Chapter 8: Resource Resilience
Reviews the need for resource resilience
· What are different resources
· What risks drive the need for resilience
· How can resiliency be achieved
· What happens if resiliency is lost
Chapter 9: Resource Ownership
Covers what resource ownership is and what losing it means
· What is resource Ownership
· The impact of losing it
· Threats to resource ownership
· How to avoid losing resource ownership
Chapter 10: Resource Control
Discusses what it means to control a resource and the dangers of losing control
· What is resource control
· The impact of losing it
· Threats to resource control
· How to avoid losing control
Chapter 11: Cyber Warfare Challenges
Summarizes the challenges to cyber warfare and what secondary challenges exist
· Summarize discussed challenges
· Identify secondary issues to those challenges, such as ethics, implementations
· Identify environmental challenges (existing misconceptions, logic and dogma) and how they do not belay the technical challenges involved
Chapter 12: Correcting Dogma
Provides an analogy that when combined with the understanding gained from previous chapter wraps up the concepts of cyber warfare into an easy to understand concept itself and why it struggles as a warfighting paradigm in the eyes of decision makers and combatant commanders.
· The Analogy and the comparison
· Given the closeness of this analogy and previously discussed facts, why cyber warfare is problematic
· What to do now, how to treat it moving forward.
Dr. Jacob G. Oakley spent over seven years in the US Marines and was one of the founding members of the operational arm of Marine Corps Forces Cyberspace Command, leaving that unit as the senior Marine Corps operator and a technical lead. After his enlistment he wrote and taught an advanced computer operations course, eventually returning back to mission support. He later left government contracting to do threat emulation and red teaming at a private company for commercial clients, serving as principal penetration tester and director of penetration testing and cyber operations. He is currently working as a cyber SME for a government customer. He completed his doctorate in IT at Towson University researching and developing offensive cyber security methods. He is the author of the book Professional Red Teaming (Apress, 2019) and the technical reviewer of the book Cyber Operations, Second edition (Apress, 2019), by Mike O’Leary.
The first book to describe the hands-on technical challenges to those conducting cyber warfare
Provides a unique analogy to drive home how cyber warfare should be understood and why it is a challenge to leverage in a war-fighting domain
Teaches what it means to utilize cyber constructs within the international convention and legal constraints of warfare
Date de parution : 04-2020
Ouvrage de 155 p.
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