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Culture, Innovation, and Growth Dynamics, 1st ed. 2020 A New Theory for the Applicability of Ideas Palgrave Studies in Democracy, Innovation, and Entrepreneurship for Growth Series

Langue : Anglais

Auteurs :

Couverture de l’ouvrage Culture, Innovation, and Growth Dynamics
This book argues that ideas and values are not easily applicable and transferable to all situations and that the necessary condition for an idea, which is conceived in one context, to be effective elsewhere, is that it must be stripped from its original context and become value-free. Because ideas are products and consequences of distinct historical experiences and cultural evolutions, they retain specificities that cannot be co-opted into other contexts. Therefore, past economic growth models based on one formula have failed as they have not taken into consideration historical, political, and social complexities. Ideas that are value-neutral have measurable results, and as such their very nature of adaptability breeds innovation. Examples of successful transfer of ideas are innovation-related processes, such as scientific knowledge and technical know-how, derived from work-based practice that describes how something should be (e.g. international accounting standards). Supported through a detailed examination of case studies, the framework used in this study is based on the encompassing definition of innovation as a process of dynamic change that has three dimensions: socio-economic, socio-political and socio-technical. These cases emphasize that modernization, economic growth, and development are not single acts of change, but rather, a constant and unending process where maintaining one?s own identity and tradition is the determining factor. his seminal work is essential reading for researchers of innovation and knowledge transfer, economic growth and development study, and political science. 
Introduction

This chapter contains the study’s main issues and arguments, prevailing counter-arguments when applicable.  The main objective is to illustrate the coherent line of reasoning and would provide the ground work for a better understanding of the arguments in this study.

Chapter 1: Ideas as a medium

This chapter will begin with the proposition that an idea is derivative of its history in a sense that such history marks the boundaries of its permissible horizon (discourse) [just as a language helps mark the boundaries of its cultural reach].  In this respect, an idea is non-transferable when such history is absent. As a corollary, there is no shared pattern that allows us to use an idea in recurrent patterns to achieve its intended objective. In this context, this chapter attempts to arrive at an understanding of what an idea is in the context of language, religion, political, and economic factors.  We will discuss the philosophical aspects of idea as medium infused with meaning/intent and relevant applications, such as Maiorescu’s theory of ‘form without content’, follow by a brief reiterating of philosophical debates on ‘form’ and ‘content’, i.e. Hegel’s dialectic, in which there can be no form without content and no content without form.

Chapter 2: Political Culture   

In this chapter, we start with defining the construct of political culture, as it refers to the system of beliefs about patterns of political interaction and political institutions.   We will mainly concentrate on the most celebrated modern ideological platforms, e.g., liberal (neo-liberalism), socialism, liberal socialism, and so forth; and the circumstances within which they rose to become the crown jewels of modern civilization.

Here, our objective is to convey that incompatible historical and social circumstances in which political culture in individual nations prevailand finally stand these ideological platforms to the test of history and in light of what can be called remaking (nation-state building, socialist revolutions, and regime change).  In the final section, we will link the previous discussions and to make a coherent argument in support our main arguments by several case studies: e.g. Democracy building in Post-Soviet World, Nation-state building in 20th century.

Chapter 3: Revisiting Economic Growth Paradigm

The main objective of this chapter is to depict the inapplicability of “one model fits all”. In this context, we argue that conventional wisdom does not take into consideration historical development as well as cultural conditions, and hence failed to achieve stated objective. Conventional wisdom requires certain preconditions and institutional setting that are necessary or sufficient to achieve the proposed objective because they are either absent or incompatible.  In doing so, we intend to examine well-documented ‘experiments’ such as market-oriented economic transition.  

Chapter 4: Knowledge transference

 

On the context-agnostic ideas and technical know-how, we will present conceptual paths for knowledge transference and will provide examples as we argue that certain type of what is called actionable or how-to knowledge that is ‘technical’ in content and does not reflect values and ideology and is transferable and easily assimilated. Within this chapter there will be a number of case studies that will examine the successes and failures of technical and procedural knowledge transfers closely: e.g. international standards such as accounting standards, institutional design blueprints, technologies and engineering constructs such as Qanat type of underground irrigation canal. Another case study example includes using indigenous knowledge in environmental and agricultural steps forward to preserve the Amazon rainforest.  This is a good example of reverse conformity. Modern society cannot grasp the core of this indigenous knowledge and by definition would be harder to bring it in.

 

Dr. Elias G. Carayannis is Full Professor of Science, Technology, Innovation and Entrepreneurship, as well as co-Founder and co-Director of the Global and Entrepreneurial Finance Research Institute (GEFRI) and Director of Research on Science, Technology, Innovation and Entrepreneurship, European Union Research Center, (EURC) at the School of Business of the George Washington University in Washington, DC. Dr. Carayannis‘ teaching and research activities focus on the areas of strategic Government-University-Industry R&D partnerships, technology road-mapping, technology transfer and commercialization, international science and technology policy, technological entrepreneurship and regional economic development.

Dr. Ali Pirzadeh has more than 20 years’ experience as an Economist in the fields of Development Economics, Institutional Economics, Macroeconomics, and Transitional Economies. He has taught, researched, and worked with universities, government institutions and international organizations in Eastern Europe, Central Asia and Middle East.  Mr Pirzadeh received his PhD in Economics and MS in Economics from University of Washington in Seattle, WA, his M.A. in Sociology from University of Massachusetts, and his M.Ed. in Education from Suffolk University in Boston, MA.

Denisa Popescu is a Senior Officer with the World Bank Group. Ms. Popescu led and worked on initiatives in data and information management, enterprise architecture and use of information technologies for development (institutional set-up and business processes design, digital government). Ms Popescu received her Ph.D. in Business Administration from George Washington University in Washington, DC and M.S. in Sociology from University of Massachusetts and her M.S. in Political Science from Suffolk University in Boston, MA.  Ms. Popescu primary research focus is on, global governance and knowledge transfer, institutional development information integration, b
Offers a holistic approach at the national level by looking at the diversity of historical experiences and the incompatibility of cultural values as the main underlying causes

Sheds light on why certain policy descriptions that are not value-free failed to deliver the intended results, while other policies that transfer context-agnostic ideas were successful

Analyzes the relationship between cultural structures and beliefs and economic space in determining why national attitudes and historical conditions are important to consider when describing the economic systems

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