The Germanic language family ranges from national languages with standardized varieties, including German, Dutch and Danish, to minority languages with relatively few speakers such as Frisian, Yiddish and Pennsylvania German. Written by internationally-renowned experts of Germanic linguistics, this handbook is a detailed overview and analysis of the structure of modern Germanic languages and dialects. Organized thematically, it addresses key topics in the phonology, morphology, syntax, and semantics of standard and nonstandard varieties of Germanic languages from a comparative perspective. It also includes chapters on second language acquisition, heritage and minority languages, pidgins, and urban vernaculars. The first comprehensive survey of this vast topic, the handbook is a vital resource for students and researchers investigating the Germanic family of languages and dialects.