Preface, List of figures, tables and charts, Part I. Theories and Methods: 1. Participation and democracy, 2. The study of participation and its political context, Part II. Patterns and Pathways: 3. Patterns of political participation, 4. Individual resources, 5. Group resources, 6. Economic location, 7. Personal factors, 8. Political outlooks, 9. Party and values, 10. Who are the political activists, Part III. Issues and Actions: 11. Agendas and political action, 12. Do participants get what they want? The costs and benefits of participation, 13. Learning from political participation, Part IV. The Local Process: 14. The local political scene, 15. Local participation, 16. Local élites, activists and agendas, 17. Participation and the making of the local agendas, 18. The quality of local participation, Part V. Conclusions: 19. Participation and democracy in Britain, Appendices, Bibliography.