Introduction: transitions to employment in a cross-national perspective Walter R. Heinz, Part I. Social Origin, Gender, and Transition Patterns: 1. Social and geographical mobility 20 years after High-School Paul Anisef andAnton H. Turrittin, 2. Diverse directions: young adults' multiple transitions Zeng Lin, Victor Thiessen and E. Dianne Looker, 3. New routes to employment: integration and exclusion John Bynner, 4. From education to employment: occupations and careers in the social transformation of East Germany Ansgar Weymann, Part II. Education and Labour Markets: Work Experiences, Skills and Credentials: 5. Adolescent part-time work and post-secondary transitions in the United States Jeylan T. Mortimer and Monica Kirkpatrick Johnson, 6. Multiple life-sphere participation by young adults Lesley Andres, 7. The Sub-Baccalaureate labour market in the United States: challenges for the school-to-work transition W. Norton Grubb, 8. Creating new pathways to adulthood by adapting German apprenticeship in the United States Stephen F. Hamilton and Mary Agnes Hamilton, 9. Job entry patterns in a life-course perspective Walter R. Heinz, Part III. Changes in the Social Context of Transformations: 10. Institutional networks and informal strategies for improving work entry for youth James E. Rosenbaum, 11. School-work transitions and post-modern values: what's changing in Canada? Harvey Krahn and Graham S. Lowe, 12. Education and employment in Great Britain: the polarizing impact of the Market Frank Coffield, 13. From systems to networks: the reconstruction of youth transitions in Europe Lynne Chisholm.