1. Introduction. 2. Women and Men: Changing Roles in a Changing Economy. 3. The Family as an Economic Unit. 4. The Allocation of Time Between the Household and the Labor Market. 5. Differences in Occupations and Earnings: Overview. 6. Differences in Occupations and Earnings: The Human Capital Model. 7. Differences in Occupations and Earnings: The Role of Labor Market Discrimination. 8. Recent Developments in the Labor Market: Their Impact on Women and Men. 9. Changing Work Roles and the Family. 10. Policies Affecting Paid Work and Family. 11. Gender Differences in Other Countries. Author Index. Subject Index.