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Drugs and drug policy: what everyone needs to know (series: what everyone needs to know) What Everyone Needs to Know What Everyone Needs To Know Series

Langue : Anglais

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Couverture de l’ouvrage Drugs and drug policy: what everyone needs to know (series: what everyone needs to know)
While there have always been norms and customs around the use of drugs, explicit public policies?regulations, taxes, and prohibitions?designed to control drug abuse are a more recent phenomenon. Those policies sometimes have terrible side-effects: most prominently the development of criminal enterprises dealing in forbidden (or untaxed) drugs and the use of the profits of drug-dealing to finance insurgency and terrorism. Neither a drug-free world nor a world of free drugs seems to be on offer, leaving citizens and officials to face the age-old problem: What are we going to do about drugs? In Drugs and Drug Policy, three noted authorities survey the subject with exceptional clarity, in this addition to the acclaimed series, What Everyone Needs to Know. They begin by, defining "drugs, " examining how they work in the brain, discussing the nature of addiction, and exploring the damage they do to users. The book moves on to policy, answering questions about legalization, the role of criminal prohibitions, and the relative legal tolerance for alcohol and tobacco. The authors then dissect the illicit trade, from street dealers to the flow of money to the effect of catching kingpins, and show the precise nature of the relationship between drugs and crime. They examine treatment, both its effectiveness and the role of public policy, and discuss the beneficial effects of some abusable substances. Finally they move outward to look at the role of drugs in our foreign policy, their relationship to terrorism, and the ugly politics that surround the issue. Crisp, clear, and comprehensive, this is a handy and up-to-date overview of one of the most pressing topics in today's world.
Acknowledgements. Introduction. 1. WHY IS "DRUG" THE NAME OF A PROBLEM?. What is a drug?. And why is drug use a problem?. If abusable psychoactives can be used safely, where does the problem come in? What does it mean for a drug to be "toxic"?. What is behavioural toxicity? Is it the same as intoxication?. What is addiction?l toxicity? Is it the same as What is dependency?. Is addiction a disease? Is it a "chronic, relapsing brain disorder"?. Does that mean that drug addicts are not morally responsible for their drug-taking?. Is the risk of addiction limited to those with an "addictive personality," or to those genetically predisposed to addiction? Which drug is most dangerous or most addictive?. 2. WHY HAVE DRUG LAWS?ddicts are not morally responsible What is drug abuse control policy?. All those sound like good ideas. So what's the problem?ctive Then wouldn't it be possible to have no coercive drug abuse control policies at all? And wouldn't such a "no coercion" policy have results better than the current mess?. The damage from cocaine dealing and cocaine enforcement, and the crime committed by cocaine users to pay for their habit, is much greater than the damage from cocaine use. Doesn't that prove that prohibition does more harm than good?. If the results of legalization are uncertain, why not just try it out, and go back to the current system if legalization doesn't work?. Why would you expect newly-legal drugs to be much more widely used than the same drugs are now? After all, anyone who is really determined to get an illegal drug can do so.. But wasn't alcohol prohibition in the United States a complete failure?. But everyone knows that Prohibition led to a big increase in homicides.. But didn't Holland and Portugal legalize drugs without any resulting disaster?. But didn't Holland legalize cannabis?. What's the difference between "legalization" and "decriminalization" or "depenalization"?. How much of the increase in consumption after legalization would reflect increased problem use rather than increased casual and beneficial use?. Can't the effects of marketing be reined in by regulations and taxes?. What about legal availability without free trade? Couldn't that work?. Couldn't you just let users go to physicians for their recreational drugs, and make it the doctor's business to try to prevent the development of problem use patterns?. But isn't it impossible to make someone better off by coercing behavioural change? If people want drugs, doesn't depriving them of drugs make them worse off by definition?. If someone chooses to harm himself with a drug, why is that any of anyone else's business?. But wouldn't any increase in addiction to newly-legalized drugs be matched by a decrease in alcohol abuse?. Isn't everyone with an addictive personality already addicted to something?. Should we go back to Prohibition, then? Or legalize the other drugs?. Does that mean that we're stuck with our current alcohol problem?. Are higher taxes the only practical route to a smaller alcohol problem?. If not alcohol, should we prohibit tobacco?. 3. HOW DOES DRUG LAW ENFORCEMENT WORK?. How is drug enforcement unlike enforcement against other crimes?. Why are illegal drugs so expensive?. Does enforcing prohibition more aggressively drive up prices still higher?. Do high prices discourage drug use? Or will addicts always get their high?. Are Higher Prices Good or Bad?. Does reduced
Mark A.R. Kleiman is Professor of Public Policy at UCLA, editor of The Journal of Drug Policy Analysis, and author of When Brute Force Fails and Against Excess. Jonathan P. Caulkins is Stever Professor of Operations Research and Public Policy at Carnegie Mellon University. Angela Hawken is Associate Professor of Public Policy at Pepperdine University.

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Ouvrage de 256 p.

14.8x20.8 cm

Disponible chez l'éditeur (délai d'approvisionnement : 14 jours).

16,55 €

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