Genetically Modified Organisms in Developing Countries
Risk Analysis and Governance

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Langue : Anglais
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Bringing together the ideas of experts from around the world, this incisive text offers cutting-edge perspectives on the risk analysis and governance of genetically modified organisms (GMOs), supporting effective and informed decision-making in developing countries.

Comprised of four comprehensive sections, this book covers: integrated risk analysis and decision making, giving an overview of the science involved and examining risk analysis methods that impact decision-making on the release of GMOs, particularly in developing countries; diversification of expertise involved in risk analysis and practical ways in which the lack of expertise in developing countries can be overcome; risk analysis based regulatory systems and how they can be undermined by power relationships and socio-political interests, as well as strategies for improving GMO policy development and regulatory decision-making; and case studies from developing countries providing lessons based on real-world experience that can inform our current thinking.
- 1. Introduction
- 2. Recent scientific developments in genetic technologies: implications for future regulation of GMOs in developing countries
- 3. A strategy for integrating science into regulatory decision-making for GMOs
- 4. Governance of benefits and risks of GMOs in developing countries
- 5. The Canadian experience with the creation and implementation of regulatory frameworks for the environmental release of GM crops as a model for developing countries
- 6. Labelling of food from GMOs: options to consider by developing countries
- 7. Building human capacity and skills in biosafety: lessons learned and emerging best practices
- 8. Regulation of GMOs in developing countries: why socioeconomic considerations matter for decision-making
- 9. Food safety assessment of genetically modified crops in developing countries: the experience in Africa
- 10. Being scientific about socio-economics in GMO decision-making in developing countries Monica Racovita
- 11. The sharing of information in risk assessment: how national authorities co-operate
- 12. Should GM rice with nutrition benefits be deployed? Findings from biotech and socio-economic research
- 13. The risk analysis framework and biosafety policy
- 14. Precautionary principle as a barrier to GMO risk analysis: Elicitation of experts' viewpoints
- 15. How do socio-political disputes of GMOs influence decision-making in developing countries?
- 16. Biosafety communication: beyond risk communication
- 17. The role of mass media and lobbies in the formulation of GMO regulations
- 18. Risk regulation of agricultural GMOs in China: challenges and prospects
- 19. Commercial use and governance of Bt cotton in China
- 20. Regulatory regime of genetically modified crops in India
- 21. The Argentinian GMO biosafety system: an evolving perspective
- 22. The Brazilian GMO regulatory system: a historical view and perspective
- 23. Effective regulatory regime supported by research and development is key to adoption of GM technology in West Africa: Burkina Faso and Nigeria as case studies
- 24. Pathway for biosafety regulation of GMOs in Sub-Saharan Africa
- 25. Conclusions and recommendations
Ademola A. Adenle has over sixteen years of research and international experience, and was a research fellow and principal investigator at the United Nations University (UNU), Japan, where he coordinated the largest and most comprehensive study in the history of genetically modified (GM) agriculture in Africa. Further to this research work, he specializes in science and technology policy addressing sustainable development challenges and uses his background in applied science to study social aspects of science and technology in agricultural development, biodiversity conservation, renewable energy, climate change adaptation and mitigation, and health innovation in developing countries.

E. Jane Morris is the former director of the African Centre for Gene Technologies and now an independent bioscience consultant, with over tweny-five years' experience working in the biotechnology field in Africa. As chair of the South African advisory committee on genetic modification before the introduction of the GMO Act, she was instrumental in the introduction of GMO legislation in that country. She has a fellowship at the University of Leeds.

Denis J. Murphy is professor of biotechnology at the University of South Wales and advisor to the Food and Agriculture Organization. He has published numerous books and over three hundred research articles on crop biotechnology and related areas. Read more at http://www.cambridge.org/fr/academic/subjects/life-sciences/biotechnology/genetically-modified-organisms-developing-countries-risk-analysis-and-governance#wJXGhIq0rHllESGV.99